Diagnóstico y tratamiento de la periodontitis agresiva

  • Ricardo Benza-Bedoya, Cirujano Dentista, Especialista Universidad de San Martín de Porres. Lima,
  • María Pareja-Vásquez, Profesora Asociada. Especialista Universidad de San Martin de Porres. Lima Perú.
Palabras clave: periodontitis agresiva, diagnóstico, terapia, agente antibacteriano, microbiología

Resumen

La periodontitis agresiva es una enfermedad de baja prevalencia, multifactorial, de avance rápido, sin compromiso sistémico, con alteraciones inmunológicas, con fuerte influencia genética, agregación familiar y generalmente de instalación temprana. Tiene dos formas: una localizada, y otra generalizada. No está debidamente aclarado, si se trata de una enfermedad periodontal diferente a otras o si es la expresión fenotípica de una periodontitis crónica en pacientes susceptibles. Su protocolo diagnóstico incluye una historia médica dental, examen clínico periodontal y examen radiológico. El tratamiento de la periodontitis agresiva incluye principalmente, control de higiene bucal, raspaje y alisado radicular, complementado con terapia antibiótica sistémica y local. La terapia quirúrgica depende de los casos. La terapia de mantenimiento es imprescindible para lograr mejores resultados. El objetivo de este artículo fue revisar
los protocolos diagnósticos y terapéuticos y proponer un flujograma de tratamiento en base a evidencias científcas recientes.

Citas

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Publicado
2019-03-09
Cómo citar
Benza-Bedoya, R., & Pareja-Vásquez, M. (2019). Diagnóstico y tratamiento de la periodontitis agresiva. Odontoestomatología, 19(30), 29-39. Recuperado a partir de https://www.odon.edu.uy/ojs/index.php/ode/article/view/171
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