Asociación entre obesidad y caries dental en niños y adolescentes. Revisión
María Fernanda Rodríguez Michel
Cátedra de Odontopediatría, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8460-0334
Yamila Ibañez
UDECODS, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9665-5164
María del Carmen López Jordi
Facultad de Odontología. Universidad de la República, Uruguay
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-3188
Licet Álvarez Loureiro
Cátedra de Odontopediatría, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9659-6045
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Palabras clave

Obesidad
Caries dental
Biofilm
Masa corporal
Adolescencia

Cómo citar

Rodríguez Michel, M., Ibañez, Y., López Jordi, M., & Álvarez Loureiro, L. (2023). Asociación entre obesidad y caries dental en niños y adolescentes. Revisión. Odontoestomatología, 25(41), 10. https://doi.org/10.22592/ode2023n41e325
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Resumen

Obesidad y caries dental comparten factores de riesgo comunes y modificables: dieta y estilo de vida.
Objetivo: Identificar y analizar la literatura disponible sobre la posible asociación entre obesidad y caries dental en niños y adolescentes.
Método: Dos investigadoras realizaron una revisión de la literatura en idiomas español, inglés y portugués utilizando Pubmed, SciELO, Latindex y Cochrane (obesidad AND índice de masa corporal AND caries AND niños OR adolescentes).
Resultados: Se identificaron 115 artículos y fueron incluidos 28 luego del análisis a texto completo (21 estudios transversales, 4 longitudinales, 3 revisiones sistemáticas). Cuatro estudios transversales y uno longitudinal mostraron asociación entre obesidad y presencia de caries.
Conclusiones: Los estudios analizados sobre asociación entre obesidad y caries presentan resultados inconsistentes. El origen multifactorial de las patologías analizadas puede contribuir a rechazar la hipótesis de asociación de ambas patologías a partir del consumo excesivo de carbohidratos y azúcares fermentables.

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